Russian Federation's skills snapshot
Developing the relevant skills
- How well does the Russian Federation’s education system perform? In the 2009 PISA tests of 15-year-olds, the Russian Federation performs below the OECD average in reading (rank 43), mathematics (rank 38) and science (rank 39).1
- Does the Russian Federation invest enough in education and training? The Russian Federation spent 5.5% of its annual income on education in 2009, compared to the OECD average of 6.2%.2
- Is there scope to improve skill utilisation in the Russian Federation through strengthening labour force participation? In 2012, the labour force participation of the Russian Federation was 69.1%.3 The participation rate for prime-age women (aged 25-54) was 86% in 2009.4
- Is there scope to improve skill utilisation among the Russian Federation’s youth? The participation rate for Russian youth (aged 15/16-24) was 41% in 2009.5
- To what extent are Russian Federation’s older workers supplying their skills to the labour market? In 2009, 50% of people aged 55 to 64 were in the labour force.6
- How smooth is the transition from school to work for the Russian Federation’s youth? In 2012, the unemployment rate of the Russian Federation’s youth was 15.3%, a relatively low rate compared with the OECD average of 17.1%.7
Key recommendations from the OECD Skills Strategy
A country can develop the relevant skills by encouraging and enabling people to learn throughout life; fostering international mobility of skilled people to fill skills gaps; and promoting cross-border skills policies.
A country can activate the supply of skills by encouraging people to offer their skills to the labour market and retaining skilled people in the labour market.
A country can put skills to effective use by creating a better match between people’s skills and the requirements of their job and increasing the demand for high-level skills.
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