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Israel's skills snapshot


Developing the relevant skills

  • How well does Israel’s education system perform? In the 2009 PISA tests of 15-year-olds, Israel performs below the OECD average in reading (rank 37), mathematics (rank 42) and science (rank 42).1
  • Does Israel invest enough in education and training? Israel spent 7.2% of its annual income on education in 2009, compared to the OECD average of 6.2%.2 

Supplying skills   

  • To what extent are Israel’s older workers supplying their skills to the labour market? In 2011, 64% of people aged 55 to 64 were in the labour force, compared to an OECD average of 57.8%.3

Using skills

  • How smooth is the transition from school to work for Israel’s youth? The employment rate of Israelis youth in 2011 was 26.6%, compared with the OECD average of 39.3%.4 In 2011, the unemployment rate of Israel’s youth was 11.6%, a relatively low rate compared with the OECD average of 16.2%.5
  • Are the qualifications of Israel’s workers well matched with the requirements of their jobs? In 2005, 24% of Israel’s workers were over-qualified for their jobs (against theOECD average of 25%), and 33% were under-qualified (against the OECD average of 22%).6 Over-qualified (under-qualified) workers are those who have a higher (lower) qualification than the most common qualification of all other workers in the same occupation.

Information on data for Israel: 


Key recommendations from the OECD Skills Strategy

A country can develop the relevant skills by encouraging and enabling people to learn throughout life; fostering international mobility of skilled people to fill skills gaps; and promoting cross-border skills policies.

A country can activate the supply of skills by encouraging people to offer their skills to the labour market and retaining skilled people in the labour market.

A country can put skills to effective use by creating a better match between people’s skills and the requirements of their job and increasing the demand for high-level skills.

For more information, see the:

OECD Policy Map on Skills | OECD Skills Strategy | Skills Strategy: Overview


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