How Hungary compares
Hungary's skills snapshot
Developing the relevant skills
- How well does Hungary’s education system perform? In the 2009 PISA tests of 15-year-olds, Hungary performs slightly above the OECD average in reading (rank 26) and science (rank 22), and slightly below the OECD average in mathematics (rank 29).1
- How much are Hungarian citizens undertaking further education? In 2006, 7% of Hungarian citizens participated in continuing non-formal education compared to the OECD average of 34%.2
- How equal is access to opportunities for further training in Hungary? In 2006, 19% of people aged 25-64 with a tertiary-level education participated in formal and/or non-formal education, compared with 3% for people in the same age group with below upper secondary education.3
- Should more be done to prevent skills shortages? The unemployment rate rose between 2007 and 2011,4 and some 23% of Hungarian employers reported recruitment difficulties in 2011.5,6 This suggests that more should be done in Hungary both through the education system and by employers themselves in providing training to improve the supply of skills required in the labour market.
- Is there scope to improve skill utilisation in Hungary through strengthening labour force participation? In 2011, 81.3% of people aged between 25 and 54 were in the labour force, compared to an OECD average of 81%.7 The participation rate for prime-age women (aged 25-54) is above the OECD average at 74% in 2011 (OECD average 71%).8
- To what extent are Hungary’s older workers supplying their skills to the labour market? In 2011, 39.2% of people aged 55 to 64 were in the labour force, compared to an OECD average of 57.8%.9
- How smooth is the transition from school to work for Hungary’s youth? The employment rate of Hungary’s youth in 2011 was 18.3%, compared with the OECD average of 39.3%.10 In 2011, the unemployment rate of Hungary’s youth was 26.1%, a high rate compared with the OECD average of 16.2%.11
- Are the qualifications of Hungary’s workers well matched with the requirements of their jobs? In 2005, 13% of Hungary’s workers were over-qualified for their jobs (against theOECD average of 25%), and 53% were under-qualified (against the OECD average of 22%).12 Over-qualified (under-qualified) workers are those who have a higher (lower) qualification than the most common qualification of all other workers in the same occupation.
Key recommendations from the OECD Skills Strategy
A country can develop the relevant skills by encouraging and enabling people to learn throughout life; fostering international mobility of skilled people to fill skills gaps; and promoting cross-border skills policies.
A country can activate the supply of skills by encouraging people to offer their skills to the labour market and retaining skilled people in the labour market.
A country can put skills to effective use by creating a better match between people’s skills and the requirements of their job and increasing the demand for high-level skills.
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